Helping at Home
What can parents do to help develop reading and writing?
First and foremost we like to encourage parents to read with children at home as often as possible. Ruth Miskin suggests that children gain a great deal from knowing a short number of stories very well. Familiarity with these stories can help children to understand how stories are structured and the different kind of genres they may encounter. Your children will be read all most of these books while on the Read Write Inc programme at Midfield. Click here for a list of suggested books should parents wish to purchase these books for home. Alternatively, you could borrow these books from school too.
Your child can read their book to you or you could read a book to your child, especially if your child seems tired and irritable. Online literacy games are great, but remember: There is no app to replace your lap – read to your child!
- Build a climate of words at home. Go places and see things with your child, then talk about what has been seen, heard, smelt, tasted, touched. The basis of good writing is good talk, and younger children especially grow into stronger control of language when loving adults -- particularly parents -- share experiences and rich talk about those experiences.
- Let children see you write often. You're both a model and a teacher. If children never see adults write, they gain an impression that writing occurs only at school. What you do is as important as what you say. Have children see you writing notes to friends, letters to business firms, perhaps stories to share with the children. From time to time, read aloud what you have written and ask your children their opinion of what you've said. If it's not perfect, so much the better. Making changes in what you write confirms for the child that revision is a natural part of writing -- which it is.
- Be as helpful as you can in helping children write. Talk through their ideas with them; help them discover what they want to say. When they ask for help with spelling, punctuation, and usage, supply that help. Your most effective role is not as a critic but as a helper. Rejoice in effort, delight in ideas, and resist the temptation to be critical.
- Provide a suitable place for children to write. A quiet corner is best, the child's own place, if possible. If not, any flat surface with elbow room, a comfortable chair, and a good light will do.
- Give the child, and encourage others to give, the gifts associated with writing:
- pens of several kinds
- pencils of appropriate size and hardness
- a desk lamp
- pads of paper, stationery, envelopes -- even stamps
- a booklet for a diary or daily journal (Make sure that the booklet is the child's private property; when children want to share, they will.)
- a dictionary appropriate to the child's age and needs. Most dictionary use is for checking spelling, but a good dictionary contains fascinating information on word origins, synonyms, pronunciation, and so forth.
- a thesaurus for older children. This will help in the search for the "right" word.
- erasers or "white-out" liquid for correcting errors that the child wants to repair without rewriting.
- Encourage (but do not demand) frequent writing. Be patient with reluctance to write. "I have nothing to say" is a perfect excuse. Recognise that the desire to write is a sometime thing. There will be times when a child "burns" to write; others, when the need is cool. But frequency of writing is important to develop the habit of writing.
- Praise the child's efforts at writing. Forget what happened to you in school and resist the tendency to focus on errors of spelling, punctuation, and other mechanical aspects of writing. Emphasise the child's successes. For every error the child makes, there are dozens of things he or she has done well.
- Share letters from friends and relatives. Treat such letters as special events. Urge relatives and friends to write notes and letters to the child, no matter how brief. Writing is especially rewarding when the child gets a response. When thank-you notes are in order, after a holiday especially, sit with the child and write your own notes at the same time. Writing ten letters (for ten gifts) is a heavy burden for the child; space the work and be supportive.
- Encourage the child to write for information, free samples, and travel brochures.
- Be alert to occasions when the child can be involved in writing, for example, helping with grocery lists, adding notes at the end of parents' letters, sending holiday and birthday cards, taking down telephone messages, writing notes to friends, helping plan trips by writing for information, drafting notes to school for parental signature, writing notes to letter carriers and other service persons, and preparing invitations to family get-togethers.
Writing for real purposes is rewarding, and the daily activities of families present many opportunities for purposeful writing. Involving your child may take some coaxing, but it will be worth your patient effort.
Children are required to read and write the Year One and Year Two Common Exception Words (tricky words for short), by the end of Key Stage One. A list of these words can be found on the Year One and Year Two class pages. These words cannot be sounded out and needs to be memorised by sight. Start by introducing one word every two day and revisiting it. Write it on Post-it notes and stick it around the house. Use this to play a game of timed hide- and-seek. You hide the words and your child has to find and read them. Children could ‘paint’ the words on walls outside – using water or write it in the mud outside.
Paper based, as well as online, activities can be found on the web. Here are some suggestions:
Teach Your Monster to Read is a free website that supports learning to read at home. The website requires registration, but is free to use.
Phonics Play has some games that are free to play online. Children have to sound out and blend words and decide whether they are alien words or real words.
Dance Mat Typing - Practise your typing skills here.
Woodlands Junior - Practice lots of different Literacy skills here.
Giggle Poetry - Try out lots of poetry activities here.
Book Reviews - Read book reviews here.
ICT Games Literacy - Learn whilst having fun!
BBC Bitesize - A website to help with reading, writing & spelling.